Nivå C1


Why do I need to speak Swedish on such a high level?

The National Board of Health and Welfare requires all medical  staff to show proof of having reached Swedish language skills on level C1, according to the CEFR. The reason is primarily patient safety, and in this case ensuring that communication between medical staff and patients need to be of sufficient standard to avoid miscomprehension or that information gets lost. This means you will need to master also idiomatic expressions and indirect speech.

How do I get there?

How long it takes to learn a new language is impossible to predict, as there are so many factors involved. Your first language, other languages you speak, how much exposure you get of the target language, your motivation, age and life situation will all have an impact on your learning speed and outcome. As a benchmark, we normally count on 400 – 600 teaching hours, and as much time invested in revision and homework, for an average Swedish language learner.

Could I write the exam although my level is not C1?

PYS validering takes no responsibility for ensuring that your starting level us accurate when you register for the exam. We strongly recommend candidates to make a self assessment according to the descriptors on this page, or to take a self test, before signing up for the exam.

PYS is created to test the C1 level according to CEFR, and if your level does not meet the requirement, you will not pass.

I didn’t passed the test. What should I do now?

The reason you did not pass the exam is probably that you have not yet reached the C1 level. Now, you will need to study more, of course, but also study the right think. You will have received comments on your test results, please use them as a guideline. It is also recommended to confer with a professional Swedish language teacher who can advise you on suitable exercises and course material.

General definition level C1 (CEFR)

Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.



I can understand extended speech even when it is not clearly structured and when relationships are only implied and not signalled explicitly. I can understand television programmes and films without too much effort.


I can understand long and complex factual and literary texts, appreciating distinctions of style. I can understand specialised articles and longer technical instructions, even when they do not relate to my field.

Spoken interaction

I can express myself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. I can use language flexibly and effectively for social and professional purposes. I can formulate ideas and opinions with precision and relate my contribution skilfully to those of other speakers.

Spoken production

I can present clear, detailed descriptions of complex subjects integrating sub-themes, developing particular points and rounding off with an appropriate conclusion.


I can express myself in clear, wellstructured text, expressing points of view at some length. I can write about complex subjects in a letter, an essay or a report, underlining what I consider to be the salient issues. I can select style appropriate to the reader in mind.

© PYS validering 2017-2018. All rights reserved.