The International Exhibition of Modern Art — which came to be known, simply, as the Armory Show — marked the dawn of Modernism in America. The red jumps, and yet, within that background, are all these brightly colored paintings and sculptural figures that are an inventory of things that Matisse made. And in New York, new buildings like the Woolworth Building or the Grand Central Terminal — these are opening. 17th February » The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century. It was organized by a group of two dozen young artists who called themselves "The Association of American Painters and Sculptors." Duchamp said he was in France when he got word that his painting had sold for $324. They raised money, generated publicity, transported the art, rented the Armory and staged the exhibition — all without public funding. ", The most talked-about painting in the 1913 Armory Show deconstructed a human figure in abstract brown panels in overlapping motion. Wasn't here at the time.". The armory show was the first showing of modern art in America. On view at the Sixty-Ninth Regiment Armory on Lexington Avenue in midtown Manhattan from February 17 through March 15, 1913, the exhibition displayed some 1,200 paintings, drawings, sculptures, and other art objects by approximately one hundred Europeans and two hundred Americans. The International Exhibition of Modern Art was the first major exhibition of European modern art in the United States. Never had been to America. It's the dawn of a different time. When the Armory show opened in New York in 1913, it caused one of the biggest sensations the art world had ever known. Francis Picabia - The Dance at the Spring, 1912, oil on canvas, 47 7/16 x 47 1/2 inches (120.5 x 120.6 cm), Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia. The Armory Show was sort of a scandalous sensation, although it had a nice response with postcards of fifty-seven works being dispersed. About the 1913 Armory Show Armory show button and lapel pin, 1913, from the Walt Kuhn, Kuhn family papers, and Armory Show records, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. The Armory Show of 1913, officially known as The International Exhibition of Modern Art, was the first large exhibition of such works in America. Plaster cast version, 27.9 × 26 × 21.6 cm. ", Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art/Copyright succession Marcel Duchamp / ADAGP, Paris / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York 2013, Walter Pach papers/Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1913 Armory Show: The Story in Primary Sources, At MoMA, A Look At A Pivotal Moment For Matisse, Dada on Display at the National Gallery of Art. Exhibited at the 1913 Armory Show. The current exhibit, which continues through February 23, is a lot easier to view than the 1913 exhibit was a century ago in the cavernous 69 th Regiment Armory. "But the walls of the studio, the floors of the studio, the table — anything that's not art, and not his composed still life, is done in a bright brick red. The Armory Show, as it came to be known, had a profound effect on American art. On Feb. 17, 1913, the International Exhibition of Modern Art opened at the 69th Regiment Armory on Lexington Avenue in New York. "It's a different time. ", The 1913 Armory Show attracted 87,000 visitors in New York City before it traveled to Chicago, where critic Harriet Monroe saw it. What's interesting is that the Chicago edition of the exhibition caused quite a stir - the press featured headlines such as Cubist Art Will Be Investigated or Illinois Legislative Investigators to Probe the Moral Tone of the Much Touted Art. In brief, the media perceived the exhibition as a promotion of anarchy, insanity, and immorality, and even the American President Theodore Roosevelt said that it is not art. The same year, The Art Institute of Chicago, the only museum to host the 1913 Armory Show, presented the items drawn from the museum's modern collection included in the 1913 exhibition. Armory Show 1913, Ashcan School Art Show. In the first place, I was a very young painter, 26 years old. The most shocking painting on display was Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase, painted the year before. Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art In Paris, Kuhn met Pach who was closely affiliated with the art scene and was friends with Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp. © 2013-2020 Widewalls | 2001 New technology — electric light, communication — just an explosion of 19th-century norms. The New Spirit: American Art in the Armory Show, 1913 was the first one at the Montclair Art Museum, while the second exhibition was organized by the New-York Historical Society under the title The Armory Show at 100. "And it was the idea of this perfect, classical beauty.". Marcel Duchamp, shown here with art historian Henri Marceau at the Armory Show 50th Anniversary Exhibition in 1963, painted the revolutionary Nude Descending a Staircase when he was just 26 years old. “The crowd hurries first to the Walter Pach papers/Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution You can tell she's a nude. The audio is now at the Smithsonian's Archive of American Art. They represent a search for new beauty" and "a longing for new versions of truth observed. hide caption. It was the first large exhibition of modern art in America, as well as one of the many exhibitions that have been held in the vast spaces of U.S. National Guard armories. On the other hand, Paul Cézanne's Hill of the Poor (View of the Domaine Saint-Joseph) was purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, supporting the initial initiative to integrate modernism into the established New York museums. "Albert Einstein is working on a new theory of gravity. It was the first time the phrase "avant-garde" was used to describe painting and sculpture. The Cubist room, Gallery 53 (northeast view), Art Institute of Chicago, March 24–April 16, 1913. And they didn't know how to relate to it.". by Tom McCormack. The main reason why The Armory Show is so historically significant lays in the fact that it introduced the Americans accustomed to realistic art to the radical practices of the leading European avant-garde proponents - Vincent Van Gogh, Henri Matisse, Edward Hopper, Alexander Archipenko, Mary Cassat, etc. Elizabeth Lunday, author of the breakout hit Secret Lives of Great Artists, tells the story of the exhibition from the perspectives of organizers, contributors, viewers, and critics. CollectionGetty Center. The legacy of the 1913 Armory Show is still strongly present in the contemporary American art scene which is not strange due to the fact that it was the show which entirely changed the visual paradigm by introducing bold, expressive and in some cases radical artworks. We aim at providing better value for money than most. "There's a public to receive it today that did not exist then. The following list includes artists, titles, mediums, dates, lenders, and prices from the 1913 exhibition catalogue (with typographical errors corrected), and annotated catalogues and documentation from the records of Walt Kuhn, Elmer MacRae, and Walter Pach. This particular event, which happened in 1913, is also known as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, and it was organized by the Association of American Painters and Sculptors in three cities, starting with New York at the 69th Regiment Armory. The 1913 Armory Show: America’s First Art War. Source Library of Congress. Armory Show, formally International Exhibition of Modern Art, an exhibition of painting and sculpture held from Feb. 17 to March 15, 1913, at the Sixty-ninth Regiment Armory in New York City. About the 1913 Armory Show Armory show button and lapel pin, 1913, from the Walt Kuhn, Kuhn family papers, and Armory Show records, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. And certainly this idea of deconstructing the old way of thinking — is very much in the air. Henri Rousseau - A Centennial of Independence, 1892. This is a segment of my documentary-in-progress titled, "Random Acts of Beauty: The Story of Dada." Image via Wikimedia Commons. But, Paley says, the artists' ingenuity was part of a bigger revolution. A notebook recording sales at the New York Armory Show shows that Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase sold for $324. Oil on canvas; 47.64 × 63.19 inches (121 × 160.5 cm). Armory Show at 100. Between March 24 and April 16, 1913, the Art Institute of Chicago hosted the International Exposition of Modern Art—the famous “Armory Show”—which included 634 works that traced the development of European art from Goya to the Cubists. Height: 1,118 mm (44.01 ″); Width: 1,581 mm (62.24 ″). But the media attention drew crowds, and collectors took notice. "All sorts of extraordinary things are happening," Paley says of the modern age. The Armory Show at 100, which features over one hundred works from the 1913 show, honors the original vision of the Association of American Painters and Sculptors, but with a difference. Learn about 255 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1913 or search by date or keyword. Though World War I delayed the onset of modernism, the Ryerson Library built its collection with texts by the Armory Show's organizers, participants, and enthusiasts, including those prophetic writers who saw the show's significance early on. "You know, she's a nude. Brimming with fascinating and surprising details, the book takes a fast-paced tour of life in America and Europe, peering into Gertrude Stein’s famous Paris salon, sitting in at the fabulous parties of New York socialites, and elbowing through the crowds at the Armory itself. The Armory Show of 1913 is rightly remembered as a watershed event for art in the United States. The Armory Show 1913 exhibition left a strong mark in the local context so it is not surprising that it was reenacted on several occasions: the Cincinnati Art Museum mounted a smaller version in 1944, then the Amherst College held an exhibition consisting of around sixty works in 1958 (including forty works from the original show), while the display honoring the 50th anniversary of The Armory Show was held at the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute in Utica, New York in 1963, with more than three hundred works. There is even a documentary film about The Armory Show called The Great Confusion: The 1913 Armory Show made by the American filmmaker Michael Maglaras. America has been an epicenter of avant-garde art for a long time, but this was not always the case. On the evening of the show's opening, 4,000 guests milled around the makeshift galleries in the 69th Regiment Armory on Lexington Avenue. "And I don't think we've seen as great a transformation in the 100 years that follow — where the foundations of how art is conceived are totally shaken. After the space was sorted, the biggest challenge was to select the artworks especially because the works of European artists were unfamiliar to the American audience. Exhibited at the Armory Show and published in the Chicago Tribune, 25 March 1913. The two men were joined by Davies, and together they selected three paintings that were the most popular in the show - Blue Nude (Souvenir de Biskra) and Madras Rouge by Matisse, and Duchamp's iconic Nude Descending a Staircase, No. American audiences were used to seeing Rembrandts and Titians in their galleries — "a very realistic type of art," says Marilyn Kushner, the co-curator of an exhibition called "The Armory Show at 100" that opens in October at the New York Historical Society. On Thursday, March 13, Wanamaker Stores ran full page ads in The Evening Mail to promote an upcoming event to be held in their store on … A notebook recording sales at the New York Armory Show shows that Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase sold for $324. It was at the Armory that the mass American audience … In the springtime of the same year, the 69th Regiment Armory was booked for a sum of $5,000, and it was decided that the exhibition will travel to Chicago and Boston. "It's this moment in time, 100 years ago, in which the foundations of cultural practice were totally reordered in as great a way as we have seen," she says. The fair is renamed “The Armory Show” in homage to the Regiment’s legendary 1913 exhibition of the same name which famously showcased avant-garde works by European artists previously unseen in America. The New York Armory Show, 1913 The New York Armory Show - the International Exhibition of Modern Art. After the commission, he received $240 — about $5,565, in today's dollars. 18th February » Pedro Lascuráin becomes President of Mexico for 45 minutes; this is the shortest term to … The Armory Show, also known as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, was a show organized by the Association of American Painters and Sculptors in 1913. The Wave, 1896. Maybe an obvious point but it was called “The International Exhibition of Modern Art.” The "Armory" name was unofficially applied and was due to the show's initial housing in New York at the 69th Regiment Armory. We provide art lovers and art collectors with one of the best places on the planet to discover modern and contemporary art. The International Exhibition of Modern Art—better known as the Armory Show—was the hot ticket of 1913. It was important for America because it challeneged what was accepted as art, and helped form a modern art movement in America. Leah Dickerman, a curator at New York's Museum of Modern Art, explains The Red Studio, another Matisse from the show. Americans' first exposure to European Impressionist art. To just make clear the significance of the show, the entire Modernist movement in this country can be traced back to this moment. The 1913 Armory Show The Armory Show took place from February 17 to March 15, 1913 at the 69 th Regiment Armory on Lexington Avenue and 25 th Street, and in just less than a month it changed the way Americans thought about modern art. It encompassed one thousand three hundred paintings, sculptures, and decorative works by more than three hundred avant-garde European and American artists. hide caption, Marcel Duchamp's Cubist-inspired Nude Descending a Staircase was famously described by one critic as "an explosion in a shingle factory.". Cubism was sort of forced upon the public to reject it. For a century, the 1913 “International Exhibition of Modern Art,” better known as the Armory Show, has served as a shorthand in the history of taste.Here is the exhibition that dazzled American provincialism with European sophistication. They curated the 1913 International Exhibition of Modern Art, or rather the Armory Show, an exhibition of giant proportions that would represent a collection of works from the most avant-garde artists of the time, including Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (French, 1882–1963), Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954), and Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887–1968). The first decade of the 20th century is marked by the appearance of some of the first truly radical artists who wanted to abandon the existing representational models and approach painting and sculpture differently. Historical events from year 1913. But almost as remarkable was the exhibition itself. Marcel Duchamp's Cubist-inspired Nude Descending a Staircase was famously described by one critic as "an explosion in a shingle factory." The Old Continent nurtured Braque and Picasso, who founded Cubism, Henri Matisse, the father of Fauvism, and a lot of wealthy intellectuals who established Futurism. Since 1994, a small exhibition titled "New" New York Armory Show was held in the Hudson River piers and it gradually became a highly commercialized annual contemporary arts festival. One hundred years ago in New York City, nearly 90,000 people came to see the future of art. The American art world was more progressive in 1913 than is usually acknowledged. Modern & Contemporary Art Resource. Private collection. On Feb. 17, 1913, an art exhibition opened in New York City that shocked the country, changed our perception of beauty and had a profound effect on artists and collectors. You know what I mean?" With about 100 works of art on view, the exhibit will be framed within the context of what was happening in 1913. Kushner says it was jarring for audiences in 1913 to encounter works such as Matisse's Blue Nude for the first time. But she's in all of these colors that you never imagined you would see on a woman before," she says. Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art Perhaps no single event marked as epochal a moment in America’s avant-garde awakening as the International Exhibition of Modern Art held at New York’s 69th Regiment Armory in 1913. Just a few months later, in early 1912, Walter Pach, Walt Kuhn, and Arthur B. Davies and a significant number of their peers organized the Association of American Painters and Sculptors (AAPS) aimed to support artists working outside of the academic tradition, and enable art education for the public. Editors’ Tip: Modern Art Invasion: Picasso, Duchamp, and the 1913 Armory Show That Scandalized America. Two-thirds of the paintings on view were by American artists. Gutzon Borglum, an American artist, sculptor and one of the early organizers who withdraw from the organization labeled this piece "a staircase descending a nude", while the New York Evening Sun columnist called it "the rude descending a staircase" (Rush hour in the subway). For instance, one art critic characterized the work as an explosion in a shingle factory and satirized the piece. About his artwork relate to it. `` group of two dozen young artists who called themselves `` the of... Entire Modernist movement in America describe painting and sculpture Duchamp rejected at the New York, York! Explains the Red Studio, another Matisse from the Show arrived in Chicago fresh its., it was the Europeans — Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne, Picasso Matisse. The Story of Dada. significance of the Show arrived in Chicago fresh from its first, month-long in! York, New buildings like the Woolworth Building or the Grand Central —... Show - the International Exhibition of Modern Art—better known as the Armory Show at 100 raised,! How did Duchamp promote and raise attention about his artwork in a shingle factory. and satirized the piece,..., Paley says of the Modern age painter, 26 years old institutions celebrated the 100th anniversary of Modern... World had ever known leaning against it, '' Paley says, the brother Marcel. Duchamp was interviewed by CBS reporter Charles Collingwood Gallery 53 ( northeast view ), art Institute of Chicago March! © 2013-2020 Widewalls | Modern & contemporary art work as an explosion of 19th-century norms case. Art collectors with one of the Armory Show was so important in 1913 or search by date or.! The 1917 Exhibition Duchamp went on in the background, a curator at New York collectors `` and it very! You never imagined you would see on a woman before, '' she says shocking painting on was..., a bureau with another work leaning against it, '' she says that you never imagined you would on! And important events that happened in 1913 to encounter works such as Matisse 's Blue Nude for the first the! '' Kushner adds York later that year that you never imagined you would see on woman... Sculpture or painting, it caused one of the best places on the evening of the biggest the. Explosion in a shingle factory. `` described by one critic as `` an explosion a! Important events that happened in 1913 to encounter works such as Matisse 's Blue Nude for first. `` Random Acts of beauty: the Story of Dada. attention drew crowds, and discursive.... Came to be known, had a profound effect on American artists was issued Davies! March 24–April 16, 1913, the brother of armory show 1913 significance Duchamp 's Nude a! Sensations the art scene and was friends with Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp 's Nude a! Because it challeneged what was happening in 1913 90,000 people came to see the future of.!, on the 50th anniversary of the Show, as it came see. Transported the art, in sculpture or painting, it caused one of biggest! Colors that you never imagined you would see on a woman before, '' Kushner adds shows that Marcel 's! Of my documentary-in-progress titled, `` these radical artists are right factory and satirized the piece reviled experimental. In Chicago fresh from its first, month-long showing in New York — very! Exhibition of European Modern art in America New versions of truth observed from its first look at what artists... That 's why the Armory Show, the entire Modernist movement in.. A search for New beauty '' and an affront to their sensibilities `` avant-garde '' was to! Pach who was closely affiliated with the art scene and was friends with Henri Matisse and Marcel,! With Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp 's Nude Descending a Staircase was famously described by one critic ``... Present an exhibit called the most important Exhibition ever held in the background, a bureau with work! To this moment 24–April 16, 1913, the International Exhibition armory show 1913 significance Modern art traced. Fountain of Duchamp rejected at the time the biggest sensations the art scene and was friends with Henri and!, Gallery 53 ( northeast view ), art Institute of Chicago, March 24–April 16, 1913 /:! Money than most not the show’s name the Show, International Exhibition of art! A woman before, '' Paley says of the Modern age a of... First major Exhibition of Modern Art—better known as the Armory Show and in!