Elongate leathery or fl eshy leaves are borne in clusters near the branch tips. The leaf of P. rubra (L) has a pointed tip (LC); P. obtusa (RC) has rounded leaf tips (RC); P. pudica has spoon-shaped leaves (R). Another theory is that the name was derived from the French word “frangipanier”, which means “coagulated milk”, because of the appearance of Plumeria milk. in Australia, this flower is known as frangipani; the plumeria is related to the oleander; the milky sap of the plumeria is poisonous and may irritate the eyes and skin These plants only branch after flowering or injury. Contact with the milky sap may also cause skin irritation, burning, itching, rash and allergy, that in some people can last for weeks, even years developing into conditions such as eczema and dermatitis! Seed is not readily available (other than collected from a tree), and flower color and quality may not be the same as the parent tree, although white, red and yellow-flowered types generally produce seedlings of the same color as the parent (pinks and multicolored are more likely to produce seedlings in a range of colors). Plumeria flowers have a rich and deep symbolism in many cultures. The number of flowers per cluster varies greatly, with some cultivars producing as many as 200 flowers and others as few as 50 over a period of months. They are usually strung together in a single-strand lei to create the magnificent Plumeria leis. Ingestion of the sap can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Everything the plant needs to form leaves as well as roots is contained within the milky sap of the cutting itself. Connect with your County Extension Office », Find an Extension employee in our staff directory », Get the latest news and updates on Extension's work around the state, Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: info@extension.wisc.edu | © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Policy | Discrimination and Harassment Complaints | Disability Accommodation Requests | Civil Rights. It is native to dry, hot areas of Mexico, Central America and Venezuela, but has been introduced over time to tropical … Should I do something? And peak bloom time and number of subsequent flushes of flowers also varies by cultivar. Position your plumeria in a sunny spot in your house, such as beside a south … It is popular for its fragrant, large flowers and beautiful assortment of colors. Plumeria obtusa has white blooms centered in yellow and is variable in form and color. It's okay to put your plumeria cuttings outside, providing temperatures are above 60 degrees … There are dwarf types with evergreen foliage, but the flower quality tends to not be as good. One of the reasons these plants are so easy to grow is these saps have some degree of antifungal and antibacterial activity, which probably keeps them from getting … These are succulent plants, with stems full of liquid (a milky sap), so they don't do well in cold weather. It can cause major burning sensation and itching and reddening of the eyes. There are other species and cultivars. The alternate leaves may be round or pointed on the tips, smooth or corrugated, and glossy or dull green. The flowers are very beautiful lilac in color, thus attracts kids. Plant the plumeria in an organic, fast-draining potting mixture, setting it at the same depth that it was planted in the nursery container. Plumeria flowers appear in clusters, also at the end of the branches, and are distinctively scented. Members of the family are native to the European, Asian, African, Australian, and American tropics … Flower colors include pink, red, white, and yellow, or pastel bicolors. The alternate leaves may be round or pointed on the tips, smooth or corrugated, This is one plant I … They are great for making leis because of their large size, lovely colors and strong scent. A milky sap is exuded from the branches when they are bruised or punctured. Plumeria is often used to make perfumes as well. If you live in a colder climate, you can grow a plumeria … Cultivars rarely produce seed pods. Plumeria have widely spaced, thick succulent but brittle branches with thin grey bark and a milky sap that can irritate the eyes and cause dermatitis in susceptible individuals. The frangipani is salt-tolerant and drought-tolerant, though you'll need to keep it watered during dry spells. P. rubra is the national flower of Nicaragua, while P. alba is the national flower of Laos (despite being an introduced plant there). When nearly leafless (L) the spacing of the branches and the grey-barked stems (LC) are more apparent. The leaves of Plumeria alba are narrow and corrugated, whereas leaves of Plumeria pudica have an elongated shape and … It is mainly used in aromatherapy due to the healing qualities for the mind and body. Plumeria have few problems, but can be infested with common greenhouse pests such as white flies and mealybugs, and are very susceptible to spider mites. A virus with tubular particles 300 nm long and 18 nm in diameter. The plumeria (Plumeria spp.)