The device, which Potter calls a hybrot, is in essence a rat-controlled robot, and marks the first instance in which cultured neurons have been used to control a robotic mechanism. To add another buzzword, it also doesn’t help to refer to free will as an “emergent property”. But emergent properties of … These technologies are new, such as various applications of biotechnology including gene therapy (which date to circa 1990 but even today have large undeveloped potential). Free will almost certainly is an emergent property, unless you want to argue that elementary particles also have free will. emergent properties, robot behaviour, autonomous system, exploration paths. One of the most important concepts that have been identified is emergent behaviour. Researchers have created a robot that has a very thin leg that is moved by cardiac (heart) cells contracting in unison. Brown and many philosophers have used the term “nonreductive physicalism” to discuss emergent properties in humans, which they argue are “not reducible to the properties … So far, research has focused on the emergence of geometrical/spatial properties and mechanical abil-ities: for example, aggregating (6), covering space (7, 8), forming shapes (9, 10), moving coordinately (11), overcoming obstacles (12), Higher levels of organization or constituency would seem to have whatever properties they have solely in virtue of those constituents and the relationships among them. If there were anything emergent beyond that, it could not be causally efficacious on pain of violating the completeness of the account of the physical world at those lower levels. 1. These emergent properties are interesting both because they appear to have parallels in biology, and because they could have value to a wide range of future applications in swarm robotics. Emergence. Emerging technologies are technologies whose development, practical applications, or both are still largely unrealized, such that they are figuratively emerging into prominence from a background of nonexistence or obscurity. If we were pressed to give a definition of emergence, we could say that a property is emergent if it is a novel property of a system or an entity that arises when that system or entity has reached a certain level of complexity and that, even though it exists only insofar as the system or entity exists, it is distinct from the properties of the parts of the system from which it emerges. In the area of robotics, the artist David Rokeby saw the potential of emergent properties to mitigate the “closed determinism” of some interactive robotic artwork several years ago. In 1996 he wrote an essay which referenced the work of robot artist, NormanWhite. engenders emergent properties: Collectively, the swarm displays abil-ities that a single robot does not have. of Emergent Properties First specify the emergent properties Now attempt to prove (or disprove) that the swarm of robots satisfies the emergent behaviours Each robot is always connected Eventually each robot will be connected to at least k distinct others 21 See: Winfield, Sa, Gago, Dixon and Fisher, IJARS 2 … Introduction The field of Artificial Life investigates the fundamental properties of living systems and attempts to capture these in artificial media, like computers. emergent properties of cells.