From the very beginning, the record industry faced challenges from new technology. Nirvana’s angst-filled lyrics spoke to many members of Generation X, launching the band into the mainstream. Gray, Marcus. The Evolution Of Popular Music By Year (1890-2009) (USA) (Source: Musicoutfitters, others) 14 Nov 2020 by Litypull. Pop music stayed strong throughout the decade with Gwen Stefani, Mariah Carey, Beyoncé, Katy Perry, and Lady Gaga achieving mainstream success. The branching out of rock and roll continued in several other directions throughout the 1960s. However, in America and Great Britain, the 1900 … To analyse the evolution of musical variety, we began by classifying our songs. Combining elements of skiffle—a type of music played on rudimentary instruments, such as banjos, guitars, or homemade instruments—doo-wop, and soul, the four mop-haired musicians from Liverpool, England, created a genre of music known as Merseybeat, named after the River Mersey. “Sampling the 1970s in Hip-Hop,” Popular Music 21 (2003): 41–56. While rock music started the decade strong, by the end of the 2000s, rock’s presence in mainstream music had waned, with a few exceptions such as Nickelback, Linkin Park, and Green Day. A fusion of … Although improvisation was allowed during solo performances, the format became more structured, resulting in the swing style of jazz that became popular in the 1930s. However, jazz became a legitimate form of entertainment during the 1930s, when White orchestras began to incorporate jazz style into their music. So around 1900, around the world, many different genres of music had stemmed. The flat discs were cheaper and easier to produce than were the cylinders they replaced, enabling the mass production of sound recordings. The terms popular music and pop music are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many disparate styles. Stations became more dependent on recorded music to fill airtime, and in 1955 the Top 40 format was born. Popular disco artists included KC and the Sunshine Band, Gloria Gaynor, the Bee Gees, and Donna Summer, who helped to pioneer its electronic sound. The Evolution of Music Genre Popularity. Rounds, Dwight. Following Freed’s trial, an antipayola statute was passed, making payola a misdemeanor crime. Assess the impact of three technologies that changed the face of the music industry. Rockin’ in Time: A Social History of Rock and Roll (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2010), 16. To analyse the evolution of musical variety we began by classifying our songs. Dealing with themes of personal adversity, overcoming hard luck, and other emotional turmoil, the blues is a 12-bar musical form with a call-and-response format between the singer and his guitar. During the early days of its development, the gramophone was viewed as a scientific novelty that posed little threat to sheet music because of its poor sound quality. Its run from 1982-86, when rock musicians occupied nearly 60% of available Hot 100 spots, is by far the most … Reel-to-reel tape recorders and magnetic tape not only helped artists experiment with overdubbing, but they also were a compact method for reproducing and preserving audio. The 78 revolutions per minute (rpm) disc had been the accepted recording medium for many years despite the necessity of changing the disc every 5 minutes. SUPPORT ME VIA PATREON: HAYENMILL.COM or PATREON.COM/HAYENMILL READ THIS FIRST A complete LIST OF THE SONGS by year is available in this link. Popular music as we know it originated out of the Tin Pan Alley tradition that emerged at the beginning of the 20th century in which composers, singers, and publishers worked together to create hit songs. Marketed under the name rhythm and blues, or R&B, the sexually suggestive lyrics in songs such as “Sexy Ways” and “Sixty Minute Man” and the electrified guitar and wailing harmonica sounds appealed to young listeners. In the early 1980s, a second wave of rap artists brought inner-city rap to American youths by mixing it with hard guitar rock. The Beatles’ genial personalities and catchy pop tunes made them an instant success in the United States, and their popularity was heightened by several appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show. Opera singers were the stars of the 19th century, and their music generated most of the sheet music sales in the United States. Lots and Lots of Music. However, when radio broadcasting emerged in the early 1920s, both gramophone sales and sheet-music sales began to suffer. Like the skiffle bands of the 1950s, the appeal of punk rock was that anyone with basic musical skills could participate. After the Vietnam War ended, college students began to settle down and focus on careers and families. Elvis, “Biography,” Elvis Presley: Official Site of the King of Rock ’n’ Roll, The New Grove Dictionary Of Music and Musicians, the musicologist's ultimate reference resource, identifies popular music as the music since industrialization in the 1800's that is most in line with the tastes and interests of the urban middle class. “Number of TV Households in America,” Television History – The First 75 Years, Elvis Presley, a singer and guitarist, the “King of Rock and Roll,” further helped make music written by Black individuals acceptable to mainstream White audiences and also helped popularize rockabilly—a blend of rock and country music—with Black audiences during the mid-1950s. Salamon, Ed. Meanwhile, individual pop acts from the MTV generation such as Madonna, Michael Jackson, and Prince continued to generate hits. The music industry as we know it was just beginning and all things seemed possible. This would have a huge impact on the popular music industry, enabling members of the middle class to purchase technology that was previously available only to an elite few. This video was inspired by another video on YouTube Here’s the link Disclaimer: I do not claim ownership to … In 1951, Freed started a late-night R&B show called The Moondog Rock & Roll House Party and began referring to the music he played as rock and roll (History Of Rock). Ed Sullivan, “The Rolling Stones,” The Official Ed Sullivan Site, Edison’s phonograph provided ideas and inspiration for Berliner’s gramophone, which used flat discs to record sound. In the 1920s, Tin Pan Alley’s dominance of the popular music industry was threatened by two technological developments: the advent of electrical recording and the rapid growth of radio. ³ØX7‹XÞ´¢¦üCËu­)ò'Έ×:â4çCn Although banned from some stations, others embraced the popular new music. – CC BY-SA 2.0. West Coast rappers such as Tupac Shakur and Snoop Dogg favored gangsta rap, while East Coast rappers, like the Notorious B.I.G. Able to transmit music nationwide, rural radio stations broadcasted local music genres that soon gained popularity across the country. In essence, World music is contemporary music performed and created all around the world, but falling just short in influence to become popular music, for example RaÏ, Afrobeat and Highlife. The first commercially available tape recorders were monophonic, meaning that they only had one track on which to record sound onto magnetic tape. During this time, jazz music began to take on a big band style, combining elements of ragtime, Black spirituals, blues, and European music. Can’t Buy Me Love: The Beatles, Britain, and America (New York: Harmony Books, 2007), 3–4. Britney Spears – Britney Spears toxic (Bbspears) – CC BY-SA 2.0. Better yet, it offered a wide range of free music that required none of the musical skills, expensive instruments, or sheet music necessary for creating one’s own music in the home, nor the expense of purchasing records to play on the gramophone. Once Southern migrants introduced the blues to urban Northern cities, the music developed into distinctive regional styles, ranging from the jazz-oriented Kansas City blues to the swing-based West Coast blues. In 1877, Edison discovered that sound could be reproduced using a strip of tinfoil wrapped around a rotating metal cylinder. The radio industry adapted by focusing on music, joining forces with the recording industry to survive. Popular music diversified in the 1960s to encompass surf, folk, and soul music. This is thanks to innovation in technology and the creativity of musicians, taking influences from many different genres and putting their own spin on them. The first stirrings of popular or pop music—any genre of music that appeals to a wide audience or subculture—began in the late 19th century, with discoveries by Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner. Numerous publishers began to emerge in an area of New York that became known as Tin Pan Alley. Find event and ticket information. In 1976, British music paper Melody Maker complained that “the Sex Pistols do as much for music as World War II did for the cause of peace (Gray, 2001).” Punk bands began to abandon their sound in the late 1970s, when the punk style became assimilated into the rock mainstream. &ÿ&†TIƒ¹B7ȤšBfµo@*Mœ 9£Z²úu«ÕòQõ9àXæ˜Lê’Ô­P7Pþ ú‘ˆ±ãËViɨ†Pƒc8¢SÝ ®÷lXlÇß­b`h²b CÊ Such genres are, however, but imperfect re … To rectify this, we investigate the US Billboard Hot 100 … Even in the Persian empire, classical Persian music became Iranian pop music (which is a delightful mix of sitar, guitar, piano and violin) with even more exotic instruments. Describe the evolution of pop music throughout the last century. The Chicago blues, characterized by the use of electric guitar and harmonica, provided the foundations of rock and roll. Choose a decade between 1900 and 2010. Early hip-hop artists, like Run-D.M.C., opposed the clean-cut, polished world of soul and pop by embracing political lyrics that were inspired by everyday life. Reacting against the extravagance of disco, many poor urban rappers developed their new street culture by adopting a casual image consisting of T-shirts and sportswear, developing a language that reflected the everyday concerns of the people in low-income, urban areas, and by embracing the low-budget visual art form of graffiti. The Tin Pan Alley tradition of song publishing continued throughout the first half of the 20th century with the show tunes and soothing ballads of Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, and George Gershwin, and songwriting teams of the early 1950s, such as Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. Pop was also successful in the 1990s and 2000s, while mainstream interest in alternative rock waned at the end of the 2000s. The ascendance of Tin Pan Alley coincided with the emergence of jazz in New Orleans. Surf music, embodied by artists such as the Beach Boys, Jan and Dean, and Dick Dale, celebrated the aspects of youth culture in California. B. The postwar prevalence of radio hugely impacted popular music, with radio airplay of popular songs promoting record sales. The conclusion is that the words lost their importance in the music in the last decade or so. B. Although U.S. artists frequently reached the top of the charts overseas, few European artists achieved success on this side of the Atlantic. The urban Chicago blues typified by artists such as Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, and B. Even though the Sex Pistols were severely criticized in the 1970s, their music went on to inspire countless acts and helped develop the underground music scene in England and the United States. At the time, R&B records were classified as “race music” and their sales were segregated from the White music records tracked on the pop charts (Szatmary, 2010). The new medium spread rapidly, primarily because of cheaper mass-production costs and war-related improvements in technology. In Detroit, some Black performers were developing a sound that would have crossover appeal with both Black and White audiences. Frenetic showmen Little Richard and Chuck Berry were early pioneers of rock and roll, and their wild stage performances became characteristic of the genre. Boosted by the success of 1977 film Saturday Night Fever, disco’s popularity spread across the country. Whereas classical artists were exalted for their individuality and expected to differ stylistically from other classical artists, popular artists were praised for conforming to the tastes of their intended audience. Reacting against the commercialism of disco and corporate rock, punk artists created a minimalist, angry form of rock that returned to rock and roll basics: simple chord structures, catchy tunes, and politically motivated lyrics. Unlike jazz, the blues did not spread significantly to the Northern states until the late 1930s and 1940s. Soul music, which grew up alongside rock and roll, also developed out of African American gospel, and rhythm and blues traditions. Unlike rock music, hip-hop maintained its popularity, with more commercial, polished artists such as Kanye West, Jay-Z, Lupe Fiasco, and OutKast achieving enormous success. Producer and songwriter Berry Gordy Jr. developed soul music through the creation of his Motown label, which would become one of the most successful businesses owned by a Black individual in American history (Notable Biographies). King surged in popularity among White and Black teenagers alike. In the 60s Motown label started to really make … The hip-hop genre first became popular among Black youths in the late 1970s, when record spinners in the Bronx and Harlem started to play short fragments of songs rather than the entire track (known as sampling) (Demers, 2003). Elvis Presley brought the style of R&B bluesmen to mainstream audiences in the 1950s. Those considered as “pop” musicians started borrowing rhythms from jazz and blues musicians. In modern societies, cultural change seems ceaseless. Radio sales dramatically increased throughout the 1920s because radios were an affordable way to listen to free music and live events. The Year the Music Died: 1964–1972: A Commentary on the Best Era of Pop Music, and an Irreverent Look at the Musicians and Social Movements of the Time (Austin: Bridgeway Books, 2007), 292. By the time four-track and eight-track recorders became readily available in the 1960s, musicians no longer had to play together in the same room; they could record each of their individual parts and combine them into a finished recording. Radio stations began to influence record sales, which resulted in increased competition for spots on the playlist. In modern societies, cultural change seems ceaseless. This ultimately resulted in payola—the illegal practice of receiving payment from a record company for broadcasting a particular song on the radio. Popular bands included the Backstreet Boys, ’N Sync, and the Spice Girls. Never a huge commercial success in the United States, punk rock exploded in the United Kingdom, where high unemployment rates and class divisions had created angry, disenfranchised youths (BBC). Popular Genres:Jazz, Blues, Dance, Broa… Nonetheless, there was a considerable amount of crossover among audiences. Lomax, Alan. aÑ5å£m‹êÕF9èÀνԔzIjl–&VR_Ç𭮊. The near riots caused by the appearance of New Jersey crooner Frank Sinatra in concert paved the way for mass hysteria among Elvis Presley and Beatles fans during the rock and roll era. Technological advances during the 1940s made it even easier for people to listen to their favorite music and for artists to record it. BBC, “Making ends meet in the 70s,” BBC News Magazine, June 7, 2007, For at least the past two centuries, much of what is dynamic in American music arose out of a continual process of sampling, fusing, and appropriating the different musics that make up American popular song. Tupac Amaru Shakur – Notorious BIG & 2Pac – CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.,,,,,,, The first stirrings of popular or pop music—any genre of music that appeals to a wide audience or subculture—began in the late 19th century, with discoveries by Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner. in 1997. The 1920s through the 1950s is considered the golden age of radio. While much has been written about the origin and evolution of pop, most claims about its history are anecdotal rather than scientific in nature. This situation changed almost overnight with the arrival of British pop phenomenon the Beatles. The Clash: Return of the Last Gang in Town (London: Helter Skelter, 2001), 147. While some gangsta rappers from the 1990s—like Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg—softened their images, other rappers—such as 50 Cent and Eminem—continued to project a tough image and to use violent lyrics. New Pop Superstars. This may seem limiting today, but at the time it allowed for exciting innovations. Kyle Kim. The evolution of western pop music, spanning from 1960 to 2010, has been analysed by scientists. In the 50s began the true popular period of the soul music. They described their new culture as hip-hop, after a common phrase chanted at dance parties in New York’s Bronx borough. The 33 rpm discs became the standard form for full albums and would dominate the recorded music industry until the advent of the compact disc (CD). The electric guitar, first produced by Adolph Rickenbacker in 1931, changed music by intensifying the sound and creating a louder volume that could cut through noise in bars and nightclubs (Rickenbacker, 2010). This new … Consider how this development influenced trends within the industry. Ronald D. Cohen (New York: Routledge, 2003), 102. Notable Biographies, “Berry Gordy Jr. Biography,” Encyclopedia of World Biography, VersusLiveQuizShow – Taylor Swift (2007) – CC BY-SA 2.0. History of Rock, “Alan Freed”, The shooting deaths of gangsta rappers Tupac Shakur and the Notorious B.I.G. After the Rolling Stones’ first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, host Ed Sullivan apologized to the viewing audience for the band’s lewd behavior. Pioneers of rock music include Muddy Waters, Ike … The flowering of various musical styles since the early 20th century becomes clear, with a variety of different music options. Nesster – Muddy Waters at Newport 1960 – CC BY-SA 2.0. Following the devastation of the first World War, Twenties music was quite upbeat and optimistic as the economy boomed and parties roared despite prohibition in the US. For his bands, he created a slick, polished image designed to appeal to the American mainstream. Musically, this ideological shift resulted in the creation of glam rock, an extravagant, self-indulgent form of rock that incorporated flamboyant costumes, heavy makeup, and elements of hard rock and pop. Music in the 1920's was dominated by jazz, blues and the traveling dance bands that played what was popular at the time. In 1877, Edison discovered that sound could be reproduced using a strip of tinfoil wrapped around a rotating metal cylinder. In 1948, Columbia Records perfected the 12-inch 33 rpm long-playing (LP) disc, which could play up to 25 minutes per side and had a lower level of surface noise than the earlier (and highly breakable) shellac discs (Lomax, 2003). The 2000s began right where the 1990s left off, with young singers such as Christina Aguilera and Destiny’s Child ruling the pop charts.