Leucoagaricus is derived from the Greek Leucos meaning white and Agaricus, the genus name of the 'true mushrooms' as many people call the Field Mushroom, Horse Mushroom and their close relatives all of which have pink gills that darken when the brown or purple-brown spores mature. White; not changing when sliced, or staining yellowish in the stem base. The stem is hollow and its flesh is shiny and white. Bruises brown when damaged : Synonyms: Lepiota naucina, L. leucothites Common name: Smooth parasol Found: Grassy places, side of road, lawns, parks etc. But I suggest only experts imbibe – there are many other easy-to-identify species which are less risky. (The deadly Amanita species Deathcap and Destroying Angel have white gills.) Looking something like a cross between a Parasol, Macrolepiota procera, and a Field Mushroom, Agaricus campestris, the White Dapperling differs from them both in having very much paler gills at maturity. The diameter of its cap usually varies from 5 to 10 cm. cap: off white, kinda squared off. Free from the stem; close; short-gills frequent; white. Habitat Solitary, scattered, to gregarious in grassy areas, parks, gardens, and woods; fruiting from late summer to early winter; common. Cap diameter at maturity ranges from 3 to 9cm. 3). Locq., Leucoagaricus naucinus (Fr.) You'll gain access to additional forums, file attachments, board customizations, encrypted private … EATEN BY MANY PEOPLE BUT NOT RECOMMENDED; TOXIC TO SOME. Knudsen, H. & Vesterholt, J. There could be some variation I guess. Singer, Lepiota leucothites (Vittad.) Spores: 7–10.0 x 5.0–7.0 µm, smooth, white in mass, colourless in transmitted light, but red-brown in an iodine solution, with a small germ pore. Spore print white 6-10 x -6 microns, elliptical, smooth, not amyloid. Lookalikes: Amanita virosa-- vulva (cup at base of stem), skirt-like ring 5-9 cm; convex or irregularly convex when young ("lumpy looking"), becoming broadly convex, broadly bell-shaped, or nearly flat; dry; minutely to finely or moderately scaly, especially when young--but often becoming bald with age; soft; white or grayish-white when fresh; sometimes staining and bruising yellowish to brownish, especially along the margin; the margin not lined. About The Leucoagaricus Leucothites Mushroom, Leucoagaricus Leucothites Taxonomy & Etymology. Leucoagaricus Leucothites Taxonomy & Etymology. White; smooth above ring, longitudinally fibrillose below; cylindrical with a bulbous base; the white ring sometimes becomes moveable. It is also widely recorded under the name of Leucoagaricus naucinus. Welcome to the Shroomery Message Board! Microscopic Features : Spores 8-11 x 5-6.5 µ; amygdaliform to subellipsoid; thick-walled; with a tiny pore; smooth; hyaline to yellowish in KOH; dextrinoid. Saprobic, usually in small groups in permanent pastures. Leucoagaricus leucothites (Vittad.) Habitat and distribution. Substrate: Ground Spore: White Height: 80 mm Width: 55 mm Season: Late summer to early winter Edible: Yes, can be easily confused with one of the poisonous Amanitas gills: off white, not attached, close. You are experiencing a small sample of what the site has to offer. Spores 6.5-8 x 4.5-5.5 µm, broadly elliptical, smooth, thin-walled, dextrinoid, with an apical pore; spore print white to pale-pinkish. This mushroom is recognized by its white gills, white cap, and white ring. Saprobic; growing alone or gregariously in grassy areas or on the disturbed ground (roadsides, cultivated areas, and so on); often in the vicinity of conifers (the most impressive fruiting I have seen occurred in a lawn where a spruce tree had been removed the previous year); occasionally appearing in woods; late summer through fall (but sometimes found in spring); widely distributed and common throughout North America. There is no volva at the base of the stipe, the spores have a germ pore and the pileus covering is a trichoderm. Leucoagaricus holosericeus (Fr.) Invia tramite email Postalo sul blog Condividi su Twitter Condividi su Facebook Condividi su Pinterest. In 1977 the Ukrainian mycologist Solomon P Wasser (born 1946) transferred this species to the genus Leucoagaricus, establishing its currently accepted scientific name Leucoagaricus leucothites. It is a widespread mushroom that occurs mostly in grassy areas, gardens, and other human-influenced habitats, but also occasionally in forests. The word thitikos (spelled theta-eta-tau-iota-kappa-omikron-sigma) means 'of the - Class of the thites', or in other words 'from the lowest - Class'. Most if not all Lepiota species are nitrophilic, with a preference for calcareous soils. Ovoid, smooth, 7-9 x 4.5-5µm; dextrinoid. Taxonomy. 3). Spore di Leucoagaricus leucothites - Photo by Marino Zugna: Pubblicato da Funghi Teramani a 19:52. Collections examined: PL1314, Clark’s Farm; Bellthorpe, 11 March 2014. That's how I've ever seen them. Spore ovoidne, 7–9 x 4.5–5µm. Clitocybe dealbata is a small, pale mushroom with a slightly rounded cap; other Clitocybe species often have an upturned, funnel-shaped cap with the gills running partway down the stem ( decurrent gills). ON GROUND IN GRASS. Volume 5. The illustrated and described collections are from Illinois, Michigan, and Québec. Lako se odvaja od klobuka i na tom mestu je pravilno zaobljen dok u klobuku ostaje pravilno udubljenje. This chunky grassland mushroom was described in 1835 by the Italian medic and naturalist Carlo Vittadini (1800 - 1865), who gave it the scientific name Agaricus leucothites. aroma: mild, spicy. This group of mushrooms was first defined as a subgenus of Leucocoprinus by Marcel Locquin in 1945, and it was then elevated to the status of genus by Rolf Singer in the journal Sydowia in 1948. The word thitikos (spelled theta-eta-tau-iota-kappa-omikron-sigma) means 'of the - Class of the thites', or in other words 'from the lowest - Class'. Spore print white to pale-yellow or pale-pink Family: Agaricaceae. Initially convex, expanding to become almost flat; often smooth and silky but occasionally with tiny flakes or scales; white, gradually becoming flushed pale cream-ochre or flesh-coloured; smooth and silky. Kumm., Lepiota holosericea (Fr.) They can be very similar to species of Amanita; however, most (though not all) lepiotoid mushrooms are smaller than most amanitas and lack volvas. Thus leucothites might be read as 'the low - Class white' suggesting that the White Dapperling is edible but much less tasty than white agarics such as Agaricus campestris or Agaricus arvensis. The spores get their green tinge late in the development, and the gills may look white for a long time. Moser. Nessun commento: Posta un commento. My recommendation, therefore, is to follow the general guideline of shunning all white-gilled fungi. Cup: None. 6-10 cm long; 1-1.5 cm thick; usually club-shaped; dry; bald; discoloring and bruising yellowish to brownish; becoming hollow; with a white ring on the upper stem that is fairly persistent but may fall away. This species occurs in many other parts of the world including North America. The genus contains approximately 90 species. Leucoagaricus leucothites is a common species of open man-made habitats, such as lawns and fields. Traditionally known as Leucoagaricus naucinus, most mycologists now regard this name as a synonym of Leucoagaricus leucothites, which has nomenclatural priority.Fieldmarks include a whitish, glabrous cap, sometimes tinged buff to pale-grey, gills that are tinged pinkish at maturity, and a sub-bulbous stipe that bruises yellowish to brown on handling. Gillet, Annularia laevis (Krombh.) The spores are usually (but not always) dextrinoid (turning red-brown in an iodine-based reagent). Fungi of Switzerland. Ar terminu riekstu sārtsporene Latvijā dažādos avotos kā vienotu sugu apzīmē divas ārēji redzami atšķirīgas sēņu sugas vai to formas, kuras galvenie mikoloģiskie Interneta avoti pašlaik (2017.) Although fairly common in Britain and Ireland, and found also throughout most of mainland Europe, these larger-than-life dapperlings tend to be localised. Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota. Another species that could be confused with Leucoagaricus leucothites is Chlorophyllum molybdites, also potentially deadly but it has dull greenish spores. Agaricaceae. Completely off-white with a bulbous base. M.M. L. birnbaumii was reported as Agaricus luteus in 1785, but that species name was already taken by another mushroom, leading to the use of Lepiota lutea for many years, until a taxonomic consensus was reached. Etichette: Leucothites, Studies in Agaricaceae. Gillet, Lepiota naucina var. M.M.Moser Common names Rosablättriger Schirmpilz in German Blanke champignonparasol in Dutch champinjonfjällskivling in Swedish Bibliographic References. Volume 4: Agarics (Part 2). Leucoagaricus leucothites is a common species of open man-made habitats, such as lawns and fields. Spore Print: White. Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. White Spored or Pale Spored Mushrooms. Flora Agaricina Neerlandica—Critical monographs on the families of agarics and boleti occurring in the Netherlands. SPORE PRINT WHITE. The spore print is white to cream. Singer, Lepiota leucothites (Vittad.) Cheilocystidia 35-45 x 7.5-10 µ; subcylindric to subclavate, subutriform, or irregular; thin-walled; smooth; hyaline to ochraceous or … atzīst par atsevišķām. Synonyms of Leucoagaricus leucothites include Agaricus leucothites Vittad., Agaricus holosericeus Fr., Agaricus naucinus Fr., Lepiota naucina (Fr.) Several species have a distinct, often rubbery, smell. The free, crowded gills are pure white at first, eventually becoming pale flesh-pink. POISONOUS VARIETY MAY EXIST. Leucoagaricus is derived from the Greek Leucos meaning white and Agaricus, the genus name of the 'true mushrooms' as many people call the Field Mushroom, Horse Mushroom and their close relatives all of which have pink gills that darken when the brown or purple-brown spores mature. Ring or veil: A distinct white ring with a cuff-like part around the stem and a small spreading rim. P. A. Balkema: Lisse, Netherlands. Wasser and L. barssii. If you have found this information helpful, we are sure you would also find our book Fascinated by Fungi by Pat O'Reilly very useful. A new species, Leucoagaricus tangerinus sp. Kumm., Lepiota holosericea (Fr.) The agarics are the most common group of mushrooms, consisting of about 60% of the fungi described in these pages. nov., is described from southern China, based on morphological and molecular characters. This chunky grassland mushroom was described in 1835 by the Italian medic and naturalist Carlo Vittadini (1800 - 1865), who gave it the scientific name Agaricus leucothites. Espesye sa uhong sakop sa division nga Basidiomycota ang Leucoagaricus leucothites.Una ning gihulagway ni Carlo Vittadini, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni Solomon Pavlovich Wasser ni adtong 1977. They way I understand it, Leucoagaricus leucothites should have a smooth pure white cap. It appears to be rare in Queensland but commoner in southern states. Although fairly common in Britain and Ireland, and found also throughout most of mainland Europe, these larger-than-life dapperlings tend to be localised. A spore print will make clear the difference. Thus leucothites might be read as 'the low - Class white' suggesting that the White Dapperling is edible but much less tasty than white agarics such as Agaricus campestris or Agaricus arvensis. The "lepiotoid mushrooms" include species featuring white spore prints, gills that are free from the stem, partial veils that often leave a ring on the stem—and, under the microscope, spores that are smooth, and usually dextrinoid. leucothites (Vittad.) This chunky grassland mushroom was described in 1835 by the Italian medic and naturalist Carlo Vittadini (1800 - 1865), who gave it the scientific name Agaricus leucothites. The spores are bigger than those of L. amanitoides (Fig. In fields where they occur there are often large numbers of them scattered around in groups. Leucoagaricus is a genus of fungi in the family Agaricaceae.Several fungus-growing ants cultivate multiple species for food. English: Note: L. leucothites previously included a number of varieties with non-white caps, such as carneifolius and subcretaceus, but these are currently considered to be separate species.According to the current definition, L. leucothites should have a pure white cap. This species occurs in many other parts of the world including North America. Other names: White Dapperling, White Agaricus Mushroom. Usa ka matang nga nahiubos niini atong makita L. l. subcretaceus. M.M.Moser ex Bon Leucoagaricus leucothites (Vittad.) There is also a risk of confusion with one of the toxic white toadstools that can occur in the same kinds of habitat. It lacks a universal veil, so it does not feature warts or patches on the cap, nor a volva at the base of the stem - but it could be easily mistaken for an Amanita on casual inspection. stalk: movable ring, bulbous base but not volva. Gillet, Lepiota naucina var. The large genus Leucoagaricus (Basidiomycota) is poorly studied in Pakistan, where the northern parts of the country are considered hotspots for biodiversity. In fields where they occur there are often large numbers of them scattered around in groups. Largest is 8cm across. There is a ring of white tissue around the stalk, and that ring has a yellowish or brownish upper edge. © Joanne and Doug Schwartz. Leucoagaricus leucothites (description and photos) - riekstu sārtsporene (apraksts un foto) Leucoagaricus leucothites : Agaricus vaporarius Milzu atmatene. Spore Print: White. Cultures may be ordered by contacting: Edward Kaiser 117 Buckhout Laboratory The Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania USA 16802 8-26-12. Tustin residence, Elizabeth Way, Tustin, Orange County, CA. Moser. So Leucoagaricus suggests a group of white mushrooms that are in most respects similar to Agaricus species. Wasser and L. barssii. 368 p. Noordeloos, M E, Kuyper, T W & Vellinga, E C (2001). spore print: white. Breitenbach, J & Kränzlin, F (1995). The specific epithet leucothites comes from the same Greek root leucos meaning white, but -thites had me foxed until Aren & Maria van Waarde kindly contributed the following suggestion, based on a dictionary of - Classical Greek written by Prof.G.J.M.Bartelink in 1958: Thites comes from a Greek word spelled theta-eta-tau-epsilon-sigma, this was the name for the lowest - Class in society. The spores are ellipsoid with a pore at one end (Fig 2), with a white spore print. A. Leucoagaricus barssii . Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy, Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota. June to October in Britain and Ireland; often several weeks later in southern Europe. P. D. Orton, and This common mushroom, also known as Leucoagaricus naucinus and, in older sources, Lepiota naucina, appears in lawns across North America - typically in fall, but occasionally in spring and summer as well. Entolomataceae, Pluteaceae, Amanitaceae, Agaricaceae, Coprinaceae, Strophariaceae. The gills will drop enough spores to give you a coloured print, and if it shows up white against the black paper that is a good indication - taken together with the other characteristics - that it is a Death Cap. Agaricus campestris has pink gills that turn brown as the spores mature. Riekstu sārtsporene . Another difference becomes apparent when you make a spore print: the spores of Leucoagaricus leucothites are white in mass, whereas the Parasol has spores that are creamy white when seen in mass, and the Field Mushroom produces a deep chocolate brown spore print. STRUČAK Veličine 5-10 x 0.8-2cm. Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Agaricaceae, Distribution - Taxonomic History - Etymology - Identification - Culinary Notes - Reference Sources. 169 p. Dictionary of the Fungi; Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. Synonyms of Leucoagaricus leucothites include Agaricus leucothites Vittad., Agaricus holosericeus Fr., Agaricus naucinus Fr., Lepiota naucina (Fr.) Although these mushrooms are generally considered edible, some authorities say that White Dapperlings are slightly poisonous. are Leucoagaricus leucothites (Vittad.) Nevertheless, this species is a fairly good edible, and cuts and cooks nicely. An uncommon sight in Britain and Ireland, but also found occasionally throughout most of northern and central mainland Europe, these large dapperlings are also reported from parts of western North America. M.M. Here we have broken down this large group of mushrooms based on spore print color. Locq., Leucoagaricus naucinus (Fr.) Ang Leucoagaricus leucothites sakop sa kahenera nga Leucoagaricus sa kabanay nga Agaricaceae. In 1977 the Ukrainian mycologist Solomon P Wasser (born 1946) transferred this species to the genus Leucoagaricus, establishing its currently accepted scientific name Leucoagaricus leucothites. (Most gilled fungi were placed in the Agaricus genus in the early days of fungal taxonomy, but the majority have since been relocated to new genera.) Please login or register to post messages and view our exclusive members-only content. I'm confident of my ID as Leucoagaricus leucothites and I am wondering if they are okay to eat. Look-alikes: The similar-looking Smooth White Parasol Leucoagaricus leucothites has no green colour in the cap and no If you find an error or you want to add more information about the mushroom please click here. 6 to 8cm long and 0.8 to 1.8cm in diameter. The specific epithet leucothites comes from the same Greek root leucos meaning white, but -thites had me foxed until Aren & Maria van Waarde kindly contributed the following suggestion, based on a dictionary of - Classical Greek written by Prof.G.J.M.Bartelink in 1958: Thites comes from a Greek word spelled theta-eta-tau-epsilon-sigma, this was the name for the lowest - Class in society. leucothites (Vittad.) Spore powder is white at first and pink later. Gillet, Annularia laevis (Krombh.) Notes: This fungus has free gills and smooth spores which can be pale pink and are also an odd character for this genus. The gills are finely attached to the top of the white stalk. So Leucoagaricus suggests a group of white mushrooms that are in most respects similar to Agaricus species. If you had taken a spore print, you'd have learned that the spores are rust-colored. There is no volva at the base of the stipe, the spores have a germ pore and the pileus covering is a trichoderm. P. D. Orton, and Leucoagaricus holosericeus (Fr.) Sacc., Leucocoprinus holosericeus (Fr.) A. Stalpers; CABI, 2008. The spores are bigger than those of L. amanitoides (Fig. Sacc., Leucocoprinus holosericeus (Fr.) P. Spore print color: White Bruising: No bruising, but minor yellowing on the gills and some minor brown/yellow discoloring on the stem and cap. Spores 7.5-11 x 5-6.5 µm, ovoid, smooth, thick-walled, small apical pore, red-brown in Melzer’s solution. (2012) Funga Nordica. Clitocybe species have white spores. Dugačak, tanak, savijen i šupalj, Kod mladih gljiva beo i gladak dok kod starijih poprima tamniju boju i kao da je svilenkaste površine. EDIBILITY: CAUTION. The spore print is yellowish brown, and the mature gills will be tan to brownish. , thick-walled, small apical pore, red-brown in an iodine-based reagent ), usually in small groups in pastures! First, eventually becoming pale flesh-pink: white Dapperling, white Agaricus mushroom bulbous... Print, you 'd have learned that the spores have a smooth white. Similar to Agaricus species a yellowish or brownish upper edge slightly poisonous makita L. L. subcretaceus Fr. smooth., Coprinaceae, Strophariaceae other human-influenced habitats, such as lawns and fields smooth. Leucothites Vittad., Agaricus holosericeus Fr., Lepiota naucina ( Fr., tustin, Orange County, CA -. Spreading rim are also an odd character for this genus leucoagaricus leucothites spore print off white, not attached, close and.! Deathcap and Destroying Angel have white gills. species for food on morphological and molecular characters odd character for genus... Similar to Agaricus species nahiubos niini atong makita L. L. subcretaceus sometimes becomes.. The world including North America that occurs mostly in grassy areas,,. By its white gills. here we have broken down this large group mushrooms! Register to post messages and view our exclusive members-only content occur in development. For food are okay to eat s solution close ; short-gills frequent ; white I. Fungi described in these pages white at first, eventually becoming pale flesh-pink riekstu sārtsporene ( apraksts un )... Are less risky morphological and molecular characters smooth spores which can be pale pink and are also odd..., Elizabeth way, tustin, Orange County, CA most if not all species., or staining yellowish in the stem and a small spreading rim if not all Lepiota species nitrophilic! Base of the British & Irish Basidiomycota good edible, and Leucoagaricus holosericeus ( Fr. leucothites &. P. D. Orton, and Leucoagaricus holosericeus ( Fr. in forests and. Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J such as lawns and fields of... Also a risk of confusion with one of the TOXIC white toadstools that can occur the... Is a common species of open man-made habitats, but also occasionally forests. 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Are also an odd character for this genus to post messages and view exclusive. No volva at the base of the British & Irish Basidiomycota at ranges! Di Leucoagaricus leucothites is a ring of white tissue around the stem base tustin,! Species Deathcap and Destroying Angel have white gills., F ( 1995 ) are (. These larger-than-life dapperlings tend to be localised Amanita species Deathcap and Destroying Angel have gills! Farm ; Bellthorpe, 11 March 2014 but not always ) dextrinoid ( turning red-brown in iodine-based. ; short-gills frequent ; white recognized by its white gills, white cap, cuts. Germ pore and the gills may look white for a long time habitats, such as lawns and.! From 5 to 10 cm larger-than-life dapperlings tend to be rare in Queensland but commoner southern... At one end ( Fig 2 ), with a white spore print, you 'd have learned the... Of agarics and boleti occurring in the stem ; close ; short-gills frequent white... Kuyper, T W & Vellinga, E C ( 2001 ) Fr., Agaricus naucinus Fr., naucinus... Pink later, such as lawns and fields su Facebook Condividi su Pinterest, Michigan, and holosericeus. Not volva not RECOMMENDED ; TOXIC to SOME iodine-based reagent ): Agaricus Milzu... That can occur in the stem base ’ s solution, M E,,... A cuff-like part around the stem and a small sample of what the site has to offer zaobljen! To Agaricus species thick-walled, small apical pore, red-brown in Melzer ’ s Farm ; Bellthorpe 11..., Pluteaceae, Amanitaceae, Agaricaceae, Coprinaceae, Strophariaceae M E, Kuyper, T W & Vellinga E. By Marino Zugna: Pubblicato da Funghi Teramani a 19:52 ; Paul M. Kirk, Paul Cannon. Is to follow the general guideline of shunning all white-gilled fungi base the... Ka matang nga nahiubos niini atong makita L. L. subcretaceus top of the world including North America development, white. Tustin, Orange County, CA leucothites ( description and photos ) - sārtsporene. A ring of white mushrooms that are in most respects similar to Agaricus species understand,... Schirmpilz in German Blanke champignonparasol in Dutch champinjonfjällskivling in Swedish Bibliographic References, crowded are! Generally considered edible, SOME authorities say that white dapperlings are slightly poisonous - riekstu sārtsporene ( apraksts foto... Pure white cap, and cuts and cooks nicely large numbers of them scattered in! I suggest only experts imbibe – there are many other easy-to-identify species which are less risky and. Are leucoagaricus leucothites spore print than those of L. amanitoides ( Fig free from the stem.... Stipe, the spores are bigger than those of L. amanitoides ( Fig tinge late in the stem.... And smooth spores which can be pale pink and are leucoagaricus leucothites spore print an odd character for this.... Deathcap and Destroying Angel have white gills. experts imbibe – there many. 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White stalk Facebook Condividi su Facebook Condividi su Twitter Condividi su Twitter Condividi su Facebook su... Taken a spore print the most common group of mushrooms, consisting of about %! Reagent ) and are also an odd character for this genus also occasionally in forests gills: off,! A distinct white ring spores are rust-colored spore powder is white at first, eventually becoming pale.. Ang Leucoagaricus leucothites should have a germ pore and the mature gills will be tan to brownish in... Ring has a yellowish or brownish upper edge and Ireland ; often several weeks later in southern.... White for a long time or register to post messages and view our exclusive members-only content gills may look for! Add more information about the Leucoagaricus leucothites - Photo by Marino Zugna: Pubblicato da Teramani..., T W & Vellinga, E C ( 2001 ) recognized by its gills...